PAINTING : TYPES OF PAINT

PAINTING : TYPES OF PAINT



TYPES OF PAINT : Super matt emulsion

DESCRIPTION/USES : Water-based very flat finish, slightly grainy emulsion. Ideal for relatively new plaster surfaces, as it allows the plaster to 'breathe' and dry out through it.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES :Limited range of colours. Not easy to clean because of the flat paint finish. Easy to apply. Low odour.

TYPES OF PAINT : Vinyl matt emulsion

DESCRIPTION/USES : Water-based finish for ceiling and walls, which can be wiped or gently washed.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES :More resistant than super matt. Good range of colours, easy to apply. Low odour. Helps to hide surface imperfections.

TYPES OF PAINT : Vinyl silk emulsion

DESCRIPTION/USES : Water-based finish for ceiling and walls with a sheen that can be wiped or washed easily. Useful in kitchens and bathrooms and higher 'traffic' areas.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Cleans easily. Good range of colours, easy to apply. Low odour. Tends to show up any surface imperfections. Particularly effective for showing up textures or relief pattern surfaces.

TYPES OF PAINT : Soft sheen emulsion

DESCRIPTION/USES : Water-based finish for ceiling and walls.
Can be cleaned, but to a lesser extent than vinyl silk.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES  :Same as vinyl silk.

TYPES OF PAINT : Quick-drying eggshell finish, often containing a fungicide

DESCRIPTION/USES : Water-based finish for ceiling and walls. Some brands can be used on woodwork. Useful for steam resistance and surfaces that take reasonable wear and tear.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Same as vinyl silk.

TYPES OF PAINT : Eggshell finish (oil-based finish)

DESCRIPTION/USES : For ceilings, walls and woodwork. Has a sheen. Suitable on surfaces that get a lot of wear and tear.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Hard-wearing. Reasonable colour range.
Not as easy to apply as above and brushes/rollers difficult to clean out. Most have a high odour. Will show surface imperfections.

TYPES OF PAINT : High gloss finish (oil-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used mainly on woodwork, but sometimes used on ceiling and walls, where a resilient, hard-wearing finish is required.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Very hard-wearing. Good range of colours. Easily washable. Good depth of gloss and 'flows out’ well. Requires some skill to apply. High odour. Requires oil undercoat. Equipment, brushes require cleaning out with white spirits.

TYPES OF PAINT : Quick drying gloss (water-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used mainly on woodwork, but sometimes on ceiling and walls.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Easy to apply and quick drying. Good range of colours, wipeable. Low odour.
Equipment can be washed out with water. Gloss not as high as oil, does not flow out as well.

TYPES OF PAINT :Undercoat (oil- based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used on woodwork, ceiling and walls, beneath oil-based gloss or eggshell finishes.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Easy to apply. Covers previously painted surfaces easily. High odour. Requires white spirits as a thinner and brush cleaner.

TYPES OF PAINT : Undercoat (water- based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used on woodwork, ceiling and walls.
Used mainly beneath water-based finishes.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Easy to apply. Low odour.
Previously painted surfaces need to be ‘flatted’ welt to provide a key.

TYPES OF PAINT : ‘Non-drip’jelly paint.

DESCRIPTION/USES : Sometimes referred to as 'thixotropic’ paints, these are usually gloss paints with oil base.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Reasonable range of colours. Easy to apply. Brush marks tend not to flow out as easily as traditional oil gloss.

TYPES OF PAINT : UPVC paint (water-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used for painting ageing and greying plastic window frames and fascias.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Quick-drying and easy to apply.
Can contain a fungicide. Brushes can be cleaned with water. Short recoat time
4-6 hours.

TYPES OF PAINT : Plaster sealer (water-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Intended for dry, porous and powdery surfaces.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Dries quickly, touch-dry 3-4 hours.
Recoatable 6-8 hours. Low odour.
Brushes can be cleaned with water.
Needs to be thoroughly dry before recoating. Should not be used to cover stains.

TYPES OF PAINT : Plaster sealer (oil-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Used on surfaces as above.
ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Is suitable under an oil-based system.
Slower drying than water-based and higher odour. Brushes have to be cleaned with white spirits.

TYPES OF PAINT : Texturing paint (water-based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Thick matt finish, sometimes self- coloured (white). Used on ceiling and walls with texturing tools.
ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES :Ideal for rough or uneven surfaces or to hide cracks. Cleans out with water.
Various patterns can be applied. Not that easy to apply, as only a workable amount can be laid in and textured at one time, porous surfaces first require a sealer coat (special water-based material).
Finishes tend to have sharp edges and collect dust easily.

TYPES OF PAINT : Masonry paint (oil- or water- based)

DESCRIPTION/USES : Smooth finish or granular.
Used mainly on exterior work on most types of masonry as a decorative protective coating.

ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES : Specially formulated to adhere to cement rendering and masonry.
Offers good weather protection.
Reasonable colour range, low odour. The
water-based varieties are vulnerable to the weather when still wet and can be affected by rain or frost. The oil-based type brushes are washed in white spirits.
PAINTING : TYPES OF PAINT Reviewed by Unknown on 6/12/2020 Rating: 5
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